The Holy Trinity
There is only one God.
In God there are three persons, The Father, Son and the Holy Ghost. Existence of the Holy Trinity is a super natural mystery, and therefore the human mind cannot know it fully, unaided by revelation.
(see Math. 28:19, Jn. 14:16,17 )
There are foreshadows in Old Testament . Use of plural number by God. (Gen. 1:26, 3:22, 9:7, Is. 6:8)
The Holy Trinity is a doctrine of revelation and not of reason. It is proved by scripture,which is the record of revelation.
A study of the Bible will show that ;-
There is one God. Mk. 12:29 etc.
The Father is God. Jn. 6:23
The Son is God. Jn. 1:1
The Holy Ghost is God. Mk. 3:29
The Three are separate
from each other. 2 Thes. 3:5, Jn. 3:26,
The Father is Personal. Jn. 6:9
The Son is personal. Mk. 14:62
The Holy Ghost is personal. Rom.8:26
The three are one. Math. 28:19
The First Person in the Trinity is called the Father, not because he is greater or older than the other two persons, but because He is un begotten and because from all eternity, He begets the Second Person ( Jn. 5:18, 2 Cor. 1: 31 )
The Second Person is called the Son, because from all eternity, he is the Only begotten of the Father. The Son is called the "Word" of the Father because He proceeds from the Father as human words proceed from the mind, simultaneously. (Math. 11:27, Jn. 1:11)
The Third Person of the Trinity is called the Holy Spirit who is Eternal (Heb. 9:14), Omnipresent (Ps. 139 :7-13), Omniscient (1 Cor. 12:10), Omnipotent (Lu. 1:35. Rom. 15:29), Author of New birth (Jn. 3:5,6), the Spirit and Glory of the Lord (1 P. 4:14), Inspiring Scriptures (2 Thes. 3:16), The Source of Wisdom (Jn. 14:26, 13:13, 1 Cor. 1:8),
Comforter of the Church (Acts 9;31), Sanctifier of the Church (rom. 15:16), He creates and gives life (Jn. 33:4), He spoke in and by the Prophets (Acts. 1:16, 2 Pet. 1:21), The Comforter proceeding from the Father (Jn. 15:26), works according to His own will.
(1 Cor. 12:11), Reveals the future (Lu. 2:26), Teaches the Saints to answer persecutors (Mat. 13:1, Lu.12:12), Guides into all truth (Jn.14:26, 16:13), Directs the decision of the Church (Acts 15:28), Enables ministers to teach (1 Cor. 12:18)
As the word proceeding from the mind, takes form in writing, "Word" the Son, proceeding from the Father took flesh from the Virgin. When He took flesh from the Virgin, He did not move from His Heavenly Throne. He was on the heavenly Throne and in the Virgin's womb at the same time.
As the mind of man reaches objects in a distant scene and his mind is not going there either, so also is the Word,when incarnated. (Seemoso) God could have turned met to righteousness and save them by a mere gesture. Mar Hebracus says that God did not want to force men, but left him to use his free will.
The Son of god, The Second Person of the Trinity, took unto himself human nature, when He was born of Virgin Mary. By incarnation is meant that the Son of God, took unto Himself a body and soul like ours in Mary's womb. Thus Jesus Christ who was truly God became man. He had the same divine nature as the Father, and he was truly a man, because He was Mary's son. Jn. 1: 1-4 explains the matter.
In treating the Doctrine of Incarnation, we are dealing with a subject full of Mystery. Jesus Christ is perfect God from all eternity and perfect man in time. It must be noted that Godhead did not descend into the child of Blessed Virgin, at some interval after his birth.
From the first moment of the conception of Jesus, in Mary's womb, the Godhead and the manhood were joined together in One Person, never to be divided. This is the ground on which Virgin Mary is called the "Mother of God" by the Church. The title was given not so much as to honour her, as to safeguard the truth concerning the union of Divine and Human Nature of Jesus in her womb.
Even the death of Jesus on the cross did not disturb or sever the union, begun before birth. His death was parting asunder of soul from the body, yet even so parted, neither soul nor body was divided for an instant from the Godhead.
The dead body resting in Joseph's tomb, was the body of God. The language of New Testament explains that the Lord of Glory was crucified, that the Church was purchase with the Blood of God., the Son of Man was in heaven, whilst upon earth. (Lu. 1:43, 1 Cor. 2:8, Acts 20:28, Jn. 1:1, Jn. 3: 13).
The person who was born of the Virgin, was none other than the Son of God, the Son of God was condemned and no other that was crucified. The holy Fathers have firmly expressed this truth. "It was not one which the Father brought forth, and another that Mary brought forth; but Him whom the Father brought forth, the Virgin too brought forth. His birth from the Father was spiritual; His birth from the virgin was in flesh."
Our Lord, as the redeemer of this whole world, offered his sufferings and death to God as a fitting sacrifice in satisfaction for the sins of men and regained for them the right to be children of God and heirs to Heaven. Christ was therefore both priest and victim in the a sacrifice whereby He redeemed us. As priest,
He offered His passion and death to God for us and as victim He suffered and died. HE PREACHED to the spirits of the dead.(1 Pet. 23:19) His body was buried in a tomb and his soul passed to the abode of the dead. He preached the good news of redemption, which He had fulfilled by His death, and He offered them salvation Himself.
The Godhead was joined with the body and soul of Christ. It did not separate from either of them when they were parted asunder in death. His body, even in death was the body of the Son of God and therefore suffered no corruption. It waited in the tomb for reunion with his soul and on the third day, He rose again from the dead.
The risen Lord showed himself to those whom He loved, in a spiritual body which was the same body, that he had before His death but which had supernatural powers (Jn.20: 11,29)
The Lord showed Himself many times during the 40 days for individuals and groups. it was no spiritual manifestation, but a real appearing of Risen Lord in His glorified body.He talked with them about the CHURCH, the Kingdom of God (Acts 1:3) He submitted himself to be touched by them. He took the food and ate with them.
They saw, and they believed. (Jn. 20:20) and they became witnesses of the resurrection, for which he suffered persecution and martyrdom. The fact of the resurrection is the great proof to men that He was what He said, He was. St. Paul asserts that if Christ hearth not been raised, then our preaching is vain, and your flesh also is vain. (1 Cor.15:14) Resurrection sets the seal to the truth of the all the revelation of God in Christ.
Because Christ has risen, we know that:-
It is possible for men to rise, and that death is not the end. He will raise us to share, body and soul in the life of glory with him. (Jn. 11: 25,26)
As by man came death, by Man came also the resurrection. As in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. (Heb. 2:14,15)
He brought to naught the Devil, who had the power of death and delivered all from the bondage. Christ rose from the dead to die no more. He died unto sin once for all but the life He lives, He lives unto God. (Rom. 6:9,10) His sacred humanity, in its glory. was no longer limited by time and place.
On the 40th. day, our Lord led His Apostles to the Mt. Olives, and while He blessed them, they saw him lifted up. By this they understood that Christ has entered into His glory. He ascended into heaven not as He came. He descended to take our humanity, He ascended in our humanity. God came, God-in-man returned. Jesus has not put away the human nature, which He took once and for all in the womb of the Mother of God.
After ascension, He sat on the right Hand of God. He appears before the face of God on our behalf. (Heb. 9:24) He is our great High Priest. Our salvation depends not only on the act done once for all in Calvary, but also on that same act, ever present at the Throne of God, and our union with Christ, who continually offers himself sacrificed for sin, and presents us in union with Him, "We have an advocate before the Father
(1 Jn. 2:1,2)
When His visible was about to be taken away, He said "Lo I am with you always". He is present still, because His Spirit is present. It is the working of the Holy Spirit to make Christ really present to the faithful everywhere.
The mystical union between us and the Ascended Lord. this sharing in the risen life by the power of the Holy Spirit is effected in us thro' our being brought into the membership of the Church and thro' our participation ion the Sacraments.
Fifty days after resurrection, on the Jewish feast of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit came upon the Apostles. Om that day the CHURCH BEGAN TO FUNCTION. As St.John had said, they received the Baptism of the Holy Spirit and of fire which Christ promised them. (Acts 1:8)
The Apostles were empowered by the Holy Spirit to continue Christ's work on earth to preach in His Name, to make disciples from all nations and to baptise in the name of the Father,Son, and the Holy Spirit. The Grace and Truth which Christ brought were now also in the Church, the Mystical Body of Christ, in which the Holy Ghost dwells and in which He works for salvation and sanctification of mankind.
The Apostles and those whom they sent forth went preaching the word and bringing men to the fellowship of the Church. The church extended from the Holy Land to Antioch, Ephesus, Asia Minor, Macedonia and Rome in the midst of oppositions and persecutions.
It was St. Peter who first opened the door of the Church to Gentiles and showed it to be the Catholic, universal God's means of salvation to all mankind. We may sum up the message of the Apostles to the Church, in the words of St. John.
"That which we have seen and heard, declare we to you also that ye have fellowship with us, yea, and our fellowship in the Faher and with His Son, Jesus Christ." (Jn.1:3)
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